191 Wtórnie ubezdźwięcznione liczebniki indogermańskie i ich wyżej-energetyczne PieRwotne PRa-Słowiańskie rdzenie, PieR+WS”y, PRW, PR 02

To jest druga część danych, która nie zmieściła się w poprzednim wpisie. (WordPress już i tak prawie się zagotował, tym razem jest zresztą podobnie…)

…..

Jakby ktoś nie skojarzył tego jeszcze, to powiadamiam, że tam już pokazałem, że słowa jak:

PRo, PRa, PRoTo, to jest jedno i to samo, czyli PR”eD, PR”eZ, PieR+WSy.

Myślę, że mogło to umknąć czyjejś uwadze, winc puszczam to tu jeszcze raz… Pisałem i tłumaczyłem różnicę między słowiańskim PRa i np. helleńskim, czy angielskim PRoTo i nie będę już do tego wracał. Mam nadzieję, że w końcu to jest już jasne, nie tylko dla Histslov.

Logicznie nic takiego jak język Proto-Słowiański nie istniało przed językiem Pra-Słowiańskim… Jeśli już można mówić o języku Przed-Pra-Słowiańskim, a właściwie Pra-Pra-Słowiańskim, jak mówimy o np. Pra-Pra-Dziadku, a nie o Proto-Dziadku… hehehe

Wtórne ubezdźwięcznienia widoczne są jak na dłoni, więc jak koń każdy widzi jakie som i szkoda o tym dalej gadać, co nie?

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/per-#Proto-Indo-European

Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/per-

Proto-Indo-European

Root

*per-

  1. before, in front
  2. first

Derived terms

  • *pr-eh₂-
  • *pér-wr̥ ~ *pr̥-wén-s
  • *pr-ó, *pr-óH (allative)
  • *pér-i (locative)
    • Armenian: [Term?]
    • Balto-Slavic: *per
      • Lithuanian: perper-
      • Slavic: *per*per- (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *firi- (see there for further descendants)
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: περί (perí)πέρ (pér) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian: *pári
    • Italic: [Term?]
  • *pr-é-ti, *pr-ó-ti
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: προτί (protí)πρός (prós) (see there for further descendants)
    • Indo-Iranian: *práti
    • Tocharian: [Term?]
      • Tocharian B: pere
  • *pr-e-ti-o-
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: pretium (see there for further descendants)
  • *prh₂és, *prh₂ós (genitive/ablative)
  • *pr-éy (dative)
    • Anatolian: [Term?]
    • Italic: [Term?]
    • Balto-Slavic: *prei
      • Slavic: *pri (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr-ey-wo-
  • *pr-i-yōs
    • Italic: *priōs
      • Latin: prior (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr-i-is
  • *pr-i-is-m̥mos
  • *pr-i-is-ḱo-
  • *pr-i-is-tn̥-o- (with *ten-)
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: prīstinus (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr-i-n-
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: πρίν (prín)πρείν (preín) (see there for further descendants)
  • *per-nóy
    • Germanic: *ferrai (see there for further descendants)
  • *pér-o-
  • *pr̥-
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
      • Ancient Greek: πάρ (pár)
    • Italic: *por-
  • *pŕ̥-to-
    • Germanic: *furþa- (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr̥-tero-
    • Germanic: *furþeraz (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr̥s- ~ *pors-V́-
    • Armenian: [Term?]
      • Old Armenian: առ (aṙ)
  • *pr-is-to-
    • Germanic: *furistaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr-u-
  • *por-so-
  • *pér-uti (last year) (with *wet- (year))
Unsorted formations
  • Germanic: *frumô (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: [Term?]
    • Ancient Greek: πρῶτος (prôtos) (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *pratʰamás (see there for further descendants)

Root

*per- (possible relation to previous root)

  1. to carry forthfare

Derived terms

Root

*per- (possible relation to previous root)

  1. to trydarerisk

Derived terms

  • *per-ih₂
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
  • *per-ih₂-ye-
  • *per-ih₂-to-
  • *per-ih₂-tlo-
    • Italic: [Term?]
      • Latin: perīculum (see there for further descendants)
  • *per-h₃-
    • Germanic: *fērō*fērą (danger) (see there for further descendants)

Root

*per- (or *perH-)

  1. to sell

Derived terms

  • *per-eh₂-yé-ti
    • Hellenic: [Term?]
  • *por-neh₂
    • Hellenic: [Term?]

Unsorted formations:

  • Hellenic: [Term?]
  • Italic: [Term?]
    • Latin: pars (see there for further descendants)
    • Latin: portiō (see there for further descendants)
    •  ? Latin: pār (see there for further descendants)

References

  1. Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/firi-

Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/firi-

Proto-Germanic

Etymology


From Proto-Indo-European *per(i) (through, across), from *per-.


Pronunciation

Prefix

*firi-

  1. throughacross
  2. expresses intensive or perfective meaning

Derived terms

Category Proto-Germanic words prefixed with *firi- not found

Descendants

Only distinguished completely from other prefixes in Gothic; the other Germanic languages show varying degrees of merging *firi-*fra-*furai-  and *furi-.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ferrai

Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ferrai

Proto-Germanic

Etymology


From Proto-Indo-European *per-nóy (locative), from *per- (to cross, pass).


Pronunciation

Adverb

*ferrai

  1. fardistant

Derived terms

Descendants

Some of the West Germanic languages seem to have formed a variant with the adverbial ending *-ô.

References

  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

UWAGA!

Innych fodobnych indogermańskich fomysłów jest duże więcej i nie będę ich tu wymieniał inaczej, jak tylko tak:

 *furþa-, *furþeraz,  *furistaz, *frumô,  *faraną,  *farjaną,  *fōrijaną,  *fardiz,  *fōriz, *fērō*fērą


…..

Teraz dla odmiany trochę ubezdźwięcznień celtyckich i ormiańskich…

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https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/%C9%B8r%C4%ABs&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Celtic/ɸrīs.

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https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D5%A1%D5%BC#Old_Armenian

առ

Armenian

Pronunciation

Etymology 1

 


Learned borrowing from Old Armenian առ (aṙ).


(…)

Old Armenian

Etymology 1


From Proto-Indo-European *pr̥s- or *pors-V́-. Cognate with Ancient Greek παρά (pará) and Sanskrit पर (pára)


(…)

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/p%C3%A1ri&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Iranian/pári.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Aryan/p%C3%A1ri&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Aryan/pári.

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https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E0%A4%AA%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%BF#Sanskrit

परि

Sanskrit

Etymology


From Proto-Indo-Aryan *pári, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *pári, from Proto-Indo-European *péri. Cognate with Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬌𐬭𐬌‎ (pairi)Ancient Greek περί (perí).


Pronunciation

Adverb

परि  (pári)

  1. aroundroundabout
  2. againsttowards

Descendants

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%F0%90%AC%9E%F0%90%AC%80%F0%90%AC%8C%F0%90%AC%AD%F0%90%AC%8C#Avestan

𐬞𐬀𐬌𐬭𐬌

Avestan

Etymology


From Proto-Indo-Iranian *pari, from Proto-Indo-European *peri. Cognate with Sanskrit परि (pári)Ancient Greek περί (perí).


Preposition

𐬞𐬀𐬌𐬭𐬌  (pairi)

  1. aroundwith

Descendants

  • → Persian: پیراـ‎ (pīrā-peri-prefix)

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=%D9%BE%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%80&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have an entry for پیراـ.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/pr%C3%A1ti&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Iranian/práti.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Aryan/pr%C3%A1ti&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Aryan/práti.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%A4%E0%A4%BF#Sanskrit

प्रति

Sanskrit

Etymology


From Proto-Indo-European *próti*préti. Cognates include Ancient Greek πρός (prós)Latin pretium, and Old Church Slavonic противъ (protivŭ).


(…)

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https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%CF%80%CF%81%CF%8C%CF%82#Ancient_Greek

πρός

Ancient Greek

Alternative forms

Etymology


From Proto-Indo-European *próti, *préti. Cognates include Sanskrit प्रति (práti)Latin pretium, and Old Church Slavonic противъ (protivŭ). May be related to πρό (próbefore).


Pronunciation

  • IPA(key)/prós/ → /pros/ → /pros/

Preposition

πρός  (prós) (governs the genitivedative and accusative)

  1. (of direction) forward to, toward
    1. (with genitive) the side of, pertaining to
    2. (with dative) by the side of, near to
    3. (with accusative) the place, time, occasion, or respect, which is the destination of the relation, or whither or for which it is predicated: about, according to, against, among, at, because of, before, between, ([where-]) by, for, at someone’s house, in, for intent, nigh unto, of, which pertain to, that, to (the end that), together, to ([you]) -ward, unto, with (-in)

Descendants

References

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pr%C3%B3ti&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-European/próti.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pr%C3%A9ti&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-European/préti.

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https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%81%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%8D#Sanskrit

पुरस्

Sanskrit

Etymology


From Proto-Indo-Aryan *pr̥Hás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *pr̥Hás, from Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-ós, from *preh₂- (before, in front). Cognate with Latin  prae (before, in front of)Ancient Greek πάρος (páros)English fore.


Pronunciation

Adverb

पुरस्  (purás)

  1. in front
  2. before

Descendants

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/pr%CC%A5H%C3%A1s&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Iranian/pr̥Hás.

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https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Aryan/pr%CC%A5H%C3%A1s&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Aryan/pr̥Hás.

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https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/p%C3%A1ra&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Iranian/pára.

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https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Aryan/p%C3%A1ra&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Aryan/pára.

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https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%81%D8%B1&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have an entry for فرفر.

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https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pr%C3%B3

Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pró

Proto-Indo-European

Etymology

From *per- (before).

Adverb

*pró[1]

  1. towardleading to

Derived terms

Unsorted formations

Descendants

  • Anatolian: *prṓ
  • Balto-Slavic: *pra
    • Slavic: *pro (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: *ɸro (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic: *pró
    • Ancient Greek: πρό (pró)πρωΐ (prōḯ) (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian: *prá
  • Italic: *prō (perhaps from *pro-h₁ (ins.sg.))[14]
    • Latin: prō (see there for further descendants)

References

  1. ↑ Jump up to:1.01.11.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959), “pro, prō”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume III, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 813-815
  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.02.12.22.3 Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “parwe”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, page 383
  3. ↑ Jump up to:3.03.13.2 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πρῷρα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 1244-1245
  4. ↑ Jump up to:4.04.1 Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πρών”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page pages1244
  5. ↑ Jump up to:5.05.15.2 Derksen, Rick (2015), “pirmas”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 357-358
  6. Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πρώτος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1245
  7. Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πρόκα”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1237
  8. Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πρόμος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1237
  9. De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “prō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 489-490
  10. ↑ Jump up to:10.010.110.2 De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “prope”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 492-493
  11. Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πρότερος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1240
  12. ↑ Jump up to:12.012.1 Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “pratara-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  13. Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*frauja(n)-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 153
  14. De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “prō”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 489-490

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Powtarzam tu to jeszcze raz…

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https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%CF%80%CF%81%E1%BF%B6%CF%84%CE%BF%CF%82#Ancient_Greek

πρῶτος

Ancient Greek

Ancient Greek ordinal numbers
 <  – αʹ βʹ  > 
    Cardinal : εἷς (heîs)
Ordinal : πρῶτος (prôtos)
Adverbial : ἅπαξ (hápax)

Alternative forms

Etymology


Traditionally held to be the superlative of πρό (próbefore) (compare πρότερος (próteros)), but it is unclear how such a contraction would come about. Could also be from a Proto-Indo-European*pr̥H-, with cognates including Lithuanian pirmasSanskrit पूर्व (pūrva), and Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬬𐬀‎  (paurva). In both cases, the ω (ō) and  (ā) forms are difficult to reconcile.


Pronunciation

  • IPA(key)/prɔ̂ː.tos/ → /ˈpro.tos/ → /ˈpro.tos/

Adjective

πρῶτος  (prôtosm (feminine πρώτηneuter πρῶτον); first/second declension

  1. first
  2. earliest
  3. foremost, most prominent
  4. (mathematics) prime

Declension

Derived terms

Descendants

References

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/p%C5%95%CC%A5Hwas&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Iranian/pŕ̥Hwas.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Aryan/p%C5%95%CC%A5Hwas&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Aryan/pŕ̥Hwas.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/p%C5%95%CC%A5Hwah&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Iranian/pŕ̥Hwah.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/%C9%B8romos&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Celtic/ɸromos.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/fr%C3%A1taram&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Iranian/frátaram.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/fr%C3%A1&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Iranian/frá.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/fram

Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/fram

Proto-Germanic

Etymology


From Proto-Indo-European *pr-*pro-*perəm-*prom-*promo- (forth, forward); see *per-.


Pronunciation

Preposition

*fram

  1. (with dative) from
  2. (with dative) bydue to

Adverb

*fram

  1. forthforward
  2. awayfurther

Descendants


UWAGA!

Inne indogermańskie fodobne słowa, patrz: *framjaną, *frawjô*frawjǭ*frawjaz


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/fr%C3%A1taram&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Iranian/frátaram.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/pr%C3%A1taram&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Iranian/prátaram.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Aryan/pratar%C3%A1m&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Aryan/pratarám.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/fr%C3%A1taram&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Iranian/frátaram.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/pr%C3%A1&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Iranian/prá.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Aryan/pr%C3%A1&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Aryan/prá.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Iranian/fr%C3%A1&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Iranian/frá.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/preh%E2%82%82-

Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/preh₂-

Proto-Indo-European

Etymology


From *per- (before).


Root

*preh₂-

  1. before, in front

Derived terms

  • *préh₂i (beforelocative)
  • *pr̥h₂i (zero-grade locative)
    • Celtic: *ɸare < *ɸari (-e is secondary) (see there for further descendants)
    • Germanic: *furi (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr̥h₂-ó
  • *pr̥h₂oy
    • Germanic: *furai (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr̥h₂-yós- ~ *pr̥h₂-is- (comparative)
  • *pr̥h₂-ós

UWAGA!

Postaci z gwar języka słowiańskiego brak… Nadrobię to w kolejnych wpisach!


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Iranian/pr%CC%A5H%C4%81%CC%81&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Iranian/pr̥Hā́.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-Aryan/pr%CC%A5H%C4%81%CC%81&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Indo-Aryan/pr̥Hā́.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/%C9%B8are

Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/ɸare

Proto-Celtic

Etymology


From earlier *ɸari, from Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂i, from *preh₂- (before, in front). Cognate with English for.


Preposition

*ɸare

  1. in front of

Derived terms

Descendants

  • Brythonic: *ar
    • Middle Breton: arer
    • Middle Welsh: arer
      • Welsh: ar
  • Old Irish: ar
    • Irish: ar (conflated with for and íar)
  • Celtiberian: are

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furi

Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/furi

Proto-Germanic

Etymology


From Pre-Germanic *pr̥h₂-i, from Proto-Indo-European *preh₂-.


Pronunciation

Preposition

*furi

  1. (+accusative, with allative meaning) forbefore

Adverb

*furi

  1. before, forward

Related terms

Descendants

In most of the daughter languages *furi and *furai had begun to merge in meaning and to varying degrees in form.

References

  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill

UWAGA!

Inne indogermańskie fodobne słowa, patrz: *furai,  *furizô*furistaz…


 

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%E0%A4%AA%E0%A5%81%E0%A4%B0%E0%A4%B8%E0%A5%8D#Sanskrit

पुरस्

Sanskrit

Etymology


From Proto-Indo-Aryan *pr̥Hás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *pr̥Hás, from Proto-Indo-European *pr̥h₂-ós, from *preh₂- (before, in front). Cognate with Latin prae (before, in front of)Ancient Greek πάρος (páros)English fore.


Pronunciation

Adverb

पुरस्  (purás)

  1. in front
  2. before

Descendants

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/p%C3%A9rwr%CC%A5

Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/pérwr̥

Proto-Indo-European

Etymology


From *per- +‎ *-wr̥.


Noun

*pérwr̥ n[1]

  1. fordcrossing

Inflection

Athematic, proterokinetic
singular dual plural collective
nominative *pérwr̥ *pérwōr
vocative *pérwr̥ *pérwōr
accusative *pérwr̥ *pérwōr
genitive *pr̥wéns *prunés
ablative *pr̥wéns *prunés
dative *pr̥wéney *prunéy
locative *pr̥wén*pr̥wéni *pr̥wén*pr̥wéni
instrumental *pr̥wénh₁ *prunéh₁

Derived terms

Descendants

Noun

*pérwr̥ n[2][3]

  1. rock

Inflection

Athematic, acrostatic
singular dual plural
nominative *pérwr̥ *pérurih₁ *pérwr̥h₂
vocative *pérwr̥ *pérurih₁ *pérwr̥h₂
accusative *pérwr̥ *pérurih₁ *pérwr̥h₂
genitive *péruns *? *pérunoHom
ablative *péruns *? *pérunmos
dative *péruney *? *pérunmos
locative *pérun*péruni *? *pérunsu
instrumental *pérunh₁ *? *pérunbʰi

Derived terms

Descendants

References

  1. Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010), “πεῖραρ, -ατος”, in Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume II, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1163
  2. ↑ Jump up to:2.0 2.1 2.2 Lubotsky, Alexander (2011), “párvata-”, in The Indo-Aryan Inherited Lexicon (in progress) (Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Project), Leiden University
  3. ↑ Jump up to:3.0 3.1 Kloekhorst, Alwin (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Hittite Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 5), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 668-669

…..

I Pierwsi / PieR+WSi będą ostatnimi… Jakieś pytaneczka?

W następnej części (lub raczej częściach) upowszechnię słowiańskie odpowiedniki. Ciekawe, ile z nich będzie musiało być zaznaczonych na czerwono?

Ktoś założy się ze mną, że nie będzie tam ani jednego czerwonego, czyli zniekształconego przez wtórne ubezdźwięcznienie przypadku?

Reklamy

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