288 Końcówki Proto-Slavic *-eto, *-ěti, *-ětь, *-iti, *-ìtъ, *-iťь, *-ьta, *-ьtъ, *-yto, (i te brakujące), *-éh₁ti, *-éh₁ye-, *-éyti, *rešeto, rzeszoto, *tenetò, тенёто, *dьrtěti, *dьrtъ, *mьčьta, *mьčьtъ, *xrьbьtъ, *korỳto i inne problemy ofitzjalnego jęsykosnaftzfa

…..

Jak zapowiedziałem wcześniej, w tym wpisie zajmę się końcówkami Proto-Slavic, które przed dźwiękiem głównym, zapisywanym jako *t/T, zawierają w sobie dodatkowe samogłoski, zapisywane jako *e/e, *ě/e’, *ę/e”*i/i, *Ь/i’… i *y/y.

Ofitzjalnie to te samogłoski odpowiadają za powstanie tzw. pierwszej palatalizacji słowiańskiej,.. a także częściowo i kolejnej,.. a i być może jeszcze jednej, patrz:

https://pl.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%AC

Ь, miękki znak (ukr. м’який знакbiał. мяккі знакros. мягкий знак) (Ь, ь) – znak cyrylicy służący do zmiękczania. W wymowie odpowiada to palatalizacji [ʲ]. (…)

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Appendix:Glossary#slavic_first_palatalization

Slavic first palatalization

A specific occurrence of palatalization that occurred in the Proto-Slavic language, in which the velar consonants *k *g *x when followed by any of the front vowels *e *ě *ь *i became the sounds *č *ž *š, respectively. The Slavic first palatalization is still an active process in many modern Slavic languages. For example, before certain suffixes in Russian, the consonants к г х ц become ч ж ш ч respectively. Other Slavic languages behave similarly. (See Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Slavic first palatalization on Wikipedia.)

Slavic progressive palatalization

A specific occurrence of palatalization that occurred in the Proto-Slavic language, in which the velar consonants *k *g *x when preceded by either of the front vowels *ь *i (possibly with an intervening n) became the sounds *c dz s/š, respectively, with s occurring in East and South Slavic but š occurring in West Slavic. (See Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg Slavic progressive palatalization on Wikipedia.)

Ponownie zwracam uwagę na:

  • brak wielu ofitzjalnie odtfoszonych końcówek Proto-Slavic,
  • zupełny, ale to zupełny brak i odpowiednich słów i końcówek w tzw. Proto-Balto-Slavic

Wygląda na to, że także i poniższe końcówki Proto-Slavic, znów wzięły się bezpośrednio z tzw. Proto-Indo-European,.. omijając po drodze ofitzjalnie odfietrznych Proto-Bałtów


Postaciami końcówek Proto-Slavic, złożonych z więcej niż jednej spółgłoski, zajmę się w następnych wpisach. Kiedy skończę z tym, to przygotuję coś w rodzaju protokołu rozbieżności.

Kto wie, może nawet napiszę jakieś podsumowanie tego, co wynika z danych które nie tylko ostatnio porównałem. Wskażę min. jak to z tymi tzw. palatalizacjami słowiańskimi było lub nie było…

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Proto-Slavic_words_suffixed_with_*-eto

Category:Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-eto

Proto-Slavic words ending with the suffix *-eto.

Pages in category „Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-eto

The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total.


UWAGA!

Brakuje końcówek jak *-eta, *-etě, *-etěxъ, *-etoma, *-eto, *-etomъ, *-etu, *-etъ, *-etъ, *-ety,

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/re%C5%A1eto

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/rešeto

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete.)

From root *reš +‎ *-eto.

Noun

*rešeto n

  1. colander
  2. strainer
Declension
Descendants
References
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “решето”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 115
  • Sreznevskij, I. I. (1912) , “Proto-Slavic/rešeto”, in Materialy dlja slovarja drevne-russkago jazyka po pisʹmennym pamjatnikam [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old Russian Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 3, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 227
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “решето”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress

…..

Rzeszoto / R”/Z”eS”+oTo lub R”/Z”e+S”oTo

https://pl.wiktionary.org/wiki/rzeszoto

rzeszoto (język polski)

rzeszoto (1.1)
wymowa:
IPA[ʒɛˈʃɔtɔ]AS[žešoto]
znaczenia:

rzeczownik, rodzaj nijaki

(1.1) sito z dużymi otworami
przykłady:
(1.1) W garażu było stareprzerdzewiałe rzeszoto.
tłumaczenia:

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/rzeszoto#Polish

rzeszoto

Polish

Etymology

From Proto-Slavic *rešeto.

Pronunciation
Noun

rzeszoto n

  1. riddle (sieve with coarse meshes)
Declension
Further reading
  • rzeszoto in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Czy „root *reš” ma związek z Rusz / Ro’S”, Ruch / Ro'(c)H, itp,.. a może zwyczajnie to inne Sito/ SiTo?

…..

Brakuje końcówek jak *-età, *-etě̀, *-ètě, *-ètěxъ, *-etò, *-etòma, *-etò, *-etòmъ, *-etù, *-ètъ, *-etъ̀, *-èty!

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/teneto

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/teneto

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *ten- (to stretch) + *-eto.

Noun

*tenetò n[1][2]

  1. netsnare
Inflection
See also
Descendants
Further reading
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “тенето”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “тенёта”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 235
  • Šanskij, N. M. (2004) , “тенета”, in Školʹnyj etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [School Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Drofa
  • Sreznevskij, I. I. (1912) , “тенето”, in Materialy dlja slovarja drevne-russkago jazyka po pisʹmennym pamjatnikam [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old Russian Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 3, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 947
  • Sreznevskij, I. I. (1912) , “тонето”, in Materialy dlja slovarja drevne-russkago jazyka po pisʹmennym pamjatnikam [Materials for the Dictionary of the Old Russian Language According to Written Monuments] (in Russian), volume 3, Saint Petersburg: Imperial Academy of Sciences, page 978
References
  1. Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*tenetò”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 490: “n. o (b) ‘net, snare’”
  2. Olander, Thomas (2001) , “teneto”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b net (PR 135)”

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/%D1%82%D0%B5%D0%BD%D1%91%D1%82%D0%BE#Russian

тенёто

Russian

Alternative forms
Etymology

From Old East Slavic тенето (teneto)тонето (toneto), from Proto-Slavic *teneto, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ten-. Cognates include Lithuanian tklas.

Pronunciation
  • IPA(key)[tʲɪˈnʲɵtə]
Noun

тенёто  (tenjóton inan (genitive тенётаnominative plural тенётаgenitive plural тенёт)

  1. (rare) net used for trapping rabbits or other animals
Declension

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-eto&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Slavic/-eto.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Proto-Slavic_words_suffixed_with_*-%C4%9Bti

Category:Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-ěti

Proto-Slavic words ending with the suffix *-ěti.


UWAGA!

O obocznych słowach Proto-Slavic jak *dьrcati, *dьrčati, *dьrkàti, *dьràti, *dertì, *der- itp., pisałem już we wpisie 285.

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/d%D1%8Crt%C4%9Bti

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/dьrtěti

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

Fientive derivative of *dьrtъ (old, ragged) +‎ *-ěti, ultimately descending from Proto-Indo-European *derH (to tear). Akin to Proto-Germanic *trudaną (to tread)Ancient Greek δέρνομαι (dérnomai).

Verb

*dьrtěti impf

  1. to degrade (for materials), to age (for living beings)
Inflection
Descendants
Further reading

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/d%D1%8Crt%D1%8A

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/dьrtъ

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

Fossilized t-participle of *dьrati (to tear) +‎ *-tъ.

Adjective

*dьrtъ

  1. raggedratty
  2. old
Declension
Derived terms
Descendants
  • South Slavic:
Further reading
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1971) , “дърт”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 1, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 465

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-%C4%9Bti

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/ti

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *-ḗˀtei, from Proto-Indo-European *-éh₁ti. The present tense inflection is thematic, effectively continuing Proto-Indo-European *-éh₁yeti.

Suffix

*-ěti

  1. Inherited, stative (to be)
    *ležati (to lie)
    *stojati (to stand)
    *rъděti
  2. Deadjectival, inchoative (to become)
    *gǫstěti (to become dense, thick) ← *gǫstъ (dense, thick)
    *bělěti (to become white) ← *bělъ (white)
    *cělěti (to recover, heal up) ← *cělъ (whole)
  3. Denominal
    *dьněti (to dawn) ← *dьnь (day)
Derived terms

…..


UWAGA!

Brakuje końcówek *-ěťa, *-ěťi, *-ěťь, itp. O końcówkach jak *-jeti, *tati, itp., napiszę przy okazji porównywania końcówek złożonych.


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Balto-Slavic/-%E1%B8%97%CB%80tei&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Balto-Slavic/-ḗˀtei.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-%C3%A9h%E2%82%81ti

Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁ti

Proto-Indo-European

Suffix

*(Ø)-éh₁ti (oblique stem *(Ø)-h₁-?)[1]

  1. Creates stative (or durative) verbs from perfective roots.
  2. Creates stative (or durative) verbs from nominals.
Inflection

With e-grade throughout:

Imperfective, athematic, active only
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(Ø)-éh₁mi *(Ø)-éh₁m̥ *(Ø)-éh₁oh₂ *(Ø)-éh₁yeh₁m̥
2nd singular *(Ø)-éh₁si *(Ø)-éh₁s *(Ø)-éh₁*(Ø)-éh₁dʰi *(Ø)-éh₁esi *(Ø)-éh₁yeh₁s
3rd singular *(Ø)-éh₁ti *(Ø)-éh₁t *(Ø)-éh₁tu *(Ø)-éh₁eti *(Ø)-éh₁yeh₁t
1st dual *(Ø)-éh₁wos *(Ø)-éh₁we *(Ø)-éh₁owos *(Ø)-éh₁ih₁we
2nd dual *(Ø)-éh₁tes *(Ø)-éh₁tom *(Ø)-éh₁tom *(Ø)-éh₁etes *(Ø)-éh₁ih₁tom
3rd dual *(Ø)-éh₁tes *(Ø)-éh₁tām *(Ø)-éh₁tām *(Ø)-éh₁etes *(Ø)-éh₁ih₁tām
1st plural *(Ø)-éh₁mos *(Ø)-éh₁me *(Ø)-éh₁omos *(Ø)-éh₁ih₁me
2nd plural *(Ø)-éh₁te *(Ø)-éh₁te *(Ø)-éh₁te *(Ø)-éh₁ete *(Ø)-éh₁ih₁te
3rd plural *(Ø)-éh₁n̥ti *(Ø)-éh₁n̥t *(Ø)-éh₁n̥tu *(Ø)-éh₁onti *(Ø)-éh₁ih₁n̥t
Participle *(Ø)-éh₁n̥ts

With ablaut in the suffix:

Imperfective, athematic, active only
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(Ø)-éh₁mi *(Ø)-éh₁m̥ *(Ø)-éh₁oh₂ *(Ø)-h₁yéh₁m̥
2nd singular *(Ø)-éh₁si *(Ø)-éh₁s *(Ø)-éh₁*(Ø)-h₁dʰí *(Ø)-éh₁esi *(Ø)-h₁yéh₁s
3rd singular *(Ø)-éh₁ti *(Ø)-éh₁t *(Ø)-éh₁tu *(Ø)-éh₁eti *(Ø)-h₁yéh₁t
1st dual *(Ø)-h₁wós *(Ø)-h₁wé *(Ø)-éh₁owos *(Ø)-h₁ih₁wé
2nd dual *(Ø)-h₁tés *(Ø)-h₁tóm *(Ø)-h₁tóm *(Ø)-éh₁etes *(Ø)-h₁ih₁tóm
3rd dual *(Ø)-h₁tés *(Ø)-h₁tā́m *(Ø)-h₁tā́m *(Ø)-éh₁etes *(Ø)-h₁ih₁tā́m
1st plural *(Ø)-h₁mós *(Ø)-h₁mé *(Ø)-éh₁omos *(Ø)-h₁ih₁mé
2nd plural *(Ø)-h₁té *(Ø)-h₁té *(Ø)-h₁té *(Ø)-éh₁ete *(Ø)-h₁ih₁té
3rd plural *(Ø)-h₁énti *(Ø)-h₁ént *(Ø)-h₁éntu *(Ø)-éh₁onti *(Ø)-h₁ih₁ént
Participle *(Ø)-h₁ónts
Derived terms
Descendants
References
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  1. Rix, Helmut, editor (2001) , “7. Fientiv”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 25

UWAGA!

Końcówka Balto-Slavic: *-ḗˀtei tradycyjnie nie jest ofitzjalnie opisana. Może dlatego, że nie istnieją jej żadne współczesne bałtyckie odpowiedniki, hm?!!  Widoczne wtórne zniekształcenie już w Anatolian: *-ǣ́di!!!


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-%C3%A9h%E2%82%81yeti

Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁yeti

Proto-Indo-European

Etymology

From *-éh₁ti (stative suffix) +‎ *-yeti.

Suffix

*(Ø)-éh₁ye-

  1. Thematicization of the athematic stative verbal suffix; see *-yeti.
Inflection
Imperfective, thematic, active only
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(Ø)-éh₁yoh₂ *(Ø)-éh₁yom *(Ø)-éh₁yōh₂ *(Ø)-éh₁yoyh₁m̥
2nd singular *(Ø)-éh₁yesi *(Ø)-éh₁yes *(Ø)-éh₁ye *(Ø)-éh₁yēsi *(Ø)-éh₁yoys
3rd singular *(Ø)-éh₁yeti *(Ø)-éh₁yet *(Ø)-éh₁yetu *(Ø)-éh₁yēti *(Ø)-éh₁yoyt
1st dual *(Ø)-éh₁yowos *(Ø)-éh₁yowe *(Ø)-éh₁yōwos *(Ø)-éh₁yoywe
2nd dual *(Ø)-éh₁yetes *(Ø)-éh₁yetom *(Ø)-éh₁yetom *(Ø)-éh₁yētes *(Ø)-éh₁yoytom
3rd dual *(Ø)-éh₁yetes *(Ø)-éh₁yetām *(Ø)-éh₁yetām *(Ø)-éh₁yētes *(Ø)-éh₁yoytām
1st plural *(Ø)-éh₁yomos *(Ø)-éh₁yome *(Ø)-éh₁yōmos *(Ø)-éh₁yoyme
2nd plural *(Ø)-éh₁yete *(Ø)-éh₁yete *(Ø)-éh₁yete *(Ø)-éh₁yēte *(Ø)-éh₁yoyte
3rd plural *(Ø)-éh₁yonti *(Ø)-éh₁yont *(Ø)-éh₁yontu *(Ø)-éh₁yōnti *(Ø)-éh₁yoyh₁n̥t
Participle *(Ø)-éh₁yonts
Descendants
  • Balto-Slavic: [Term?]
    • Slavic: *-ěti (present tense declension)
  • Celtic: *-īti
  • Germanic: *-janą
  • Hellenic: [Term?]
    • Ancient Greek: -έω (-éō) (partially)
  • Italic: *-ēō
References
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN

UWAGA!

Z końcówek widocznych powyżej, jedynie końcówka Proto-Slavic *-ěti nie jest zniekształcona, wobec ofitzjalnie odtfoszonej końcówki PIE *-éh₁ye- czy *-éh₁ti +‎ *-yeti. Końcówki Proto-Balto-Slavic oczywiście tradycyjnie brak…


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Proto-Slavic_words_suffixed_with_*-%C4%9Bt%D1%8C

Category:Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-ětь

Proto-Slavic words ending with the suffix *-ětь.

Pages in category „Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-ětь

This category contains only the following page.

P

UWAGA!

Słowem *pečatь, itp., zajmę się w oddzielnym wpisie…


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-%C4%9Bt%D1%8C&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Slavic/-ětь.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Proto-Slavic_words_suffixed_with_*-iti

Category:Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-iti

Proto-Slavic words ending with the suffix *-iti.

Pages in category „Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-iti

The following 68 pages are in this category, out of 68 total.

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-iti

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-iti

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *-éyeti

Suffix

*-iti

  1. Deverbal, iterative
    *laziti (to crawl, creep) ← *lěsti (to crawl, climb)
    *nositi (to carry, bear) ← *nesti (to carry, bring)
    *voziti (cart, lead, convey) ← *vezti (cart, lead, convey)
    *voditi (to lead, conduct) ← *vesti (to lead, conduct)
  2. Deverbal, causative
    *blǫditi (to mislead, deceive) ← *blęsti (to err)
    *ložiti (to lay) ← *leťi (to lie down)*ležati (to lie)
    *pojiti (to water, give to drink) ← *piti (to drink)
    *saditi (to plant, set) ← *sěsti (to sit down)*sěděti (to sit)
    *staviti (to place, put) ← *stati (to stand, become)*stojati (to stand)
  3. Deadjectival
    *čistiti (to clean) ← *čistъ (clean)
    *běliti (to whiten, to bleach) ← *bělъ (white)
    *cěliti ← *cělъ
  4. Denominal
    *kъrmiti ← *kъrmъ
    *mьstiti ← *mьstь
    *miriti ← *mirъ
See also
Derived terms
References

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-it%D1%8A

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-itъ

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

Derived from *-tъ appended to *-éyti proverbal ending, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-tós.

Suffix

*-ìtъ

  1. From nouns in *-mę, forms adjectives denoting property or a characteristic
    *jьmę (name) → *jьmenitъ (famous)
    *znamę (flag, standard) → *znamenitъ (famous, well-known)
    *sěmę (seed) → *sěmenitъ (prolific, copious)
    *plemę (tribe) → *plemenitъ (noble)
  2. From abstract nouns in i-stem, forms adjectives denoting possession of the referred characteristic
    From nouns in *-tь:

    *čьstь (honour) → *čьstitъ (honorous)
    *mastь (fat, grease) → *mastitъ (fatty, greasy)
    From stems in *-ь:

    *sьrdьce (heart) → *sьrditi → *sьrditъ (sullen, irate)
    *avьnъ (apparent) → *avìti → *avitъ (revealed, apparent)
  3. From o-stem nouns, forms adjectives denoting an abstract characteristic
    *uporъ (stoppage, stand-off) → *uporitъ (persistent)
    *narokъ (verdict) → *naročitъ (special, decided)
  4. From nouns extended transferred into adjectives via *-ovъ, forms adjectives denoting property or characteristic. Equivalent to *-ovitъ
    From archaic u-stem nouns:
    *domъ (home) → *domovitъ (pertaining to a household)
    *(j)ědъ (poison, resentment) → *(j)ědovitъ (poisonous, resentful)
    From o-stem nouns:
    *plodъ (fruit) → *plodovitъ (fruitful)
    *morkъ (darkness) → *morkovitъ (grim, murky)
Usage notes
  • The t-suffix bears imperfective connotation. For the perfective case, the suffix *-ьnъ is applied, e.g. Russian явный (javnyjobvious, evident, one which was shown) : Russian явитый (javityjapparent, evidential, one which has been showing (and continues to show)).
Related terms
Declension
Derived terms
Category Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-itъ not found
References
  • Halla-aho, Jussi (2006) Problems of Proto-Slavic Historical Nominal Morphology: On the Basis of Old Church Slavic (Slavica Helsingiensia; 26)‎[1], Helsinki: University of Helsinki, page 96
  • Duridinov et al. (1991): „-итъ” in Граматика на Старобългарския език (in Bulgarian), Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 221

UWAGA!

Brakuje końcówek, patrz j.w.!!! Tym *sьrdьce (heart) → *sьrditi → *sьrditъ (sullen, irate), itp., zajmę się tym w oddzielnym wpisie…


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-%C3%A9yti

Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/-éyti

Proto-Indo-European

Suffix

*(Ø)-éyti

  1. Forms aktionsart verbs from roots.
Inflection
Imperfective, athematic
Active voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(Ø)-éymi *(Ø)-ḗm *(Ø)-éyoh₂ *(Ø)-iyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *(Ø)-éysi *(Ø)-éys *(Ø)-éy*(Ø)-idʰí *(Ø)-éyesi *(Ø)-iyéh₁s
3rd singular *(Ø)-éyti *(Ø)-éyt *(Ø)-éytu *(Ø)-éyeti *(Ø)-iyéh₁t
1st dual *(Ø)-iwós *(Ø)-iwé *(Ø)-éyowos *(Ø)-yih₁wé
2nd dual *(Ø)-ités *(Ø)-itóm *(Ø)-itóm *(Ø)-éyetes *(Ø)-yih₁tóm
3rd dual *(Ø)-ités *(Ø)-itā́m *(Ø)-itā́m *(Ø)-éyetes *(Ø)-yih₁tā́m
1st plural *(Ø)-imós *(Ø)-imé *(Ø)-éyomos *(Ø)-yih₁mé
2nd plural *(Ø)-ité *(Ø)-ité *(Ø)-ité *(Ø)-éyete *(Ø)-yih₁té
3rd plural *(Ø)-yénti *(Ø)-yént *(Ø)-yéntu *(Ø)-éyonti *(Ø)-yih₁ént
Participle *(Ø)-yónts
Middle voice Present indicative Past indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *(Ø)-ih₂ér *(Ø)-ih₂é *(Ø)-éyoh₂er *(Ø)-yih₁h₂é
2nd singular *(Ø)-ith₂ér *(Ø)-ith₂é *(Ø)-isó *(Ø)-éyeth₂er *(Ø)-yih₁th₂é
3rd singular *(Ø)-itór*(Ø)-yór *(Ø)-itó*(Ø)-yó *? *(Ø)-éyetor *(Ø)-yih₁tó*(Ø)-yih₁ó
1st dual *(Ø)-iwósdʰh₂ *(Ø)-iwédʰh₂ *(Ø)-éyowosdʰh₂ *(Ø)-yih₁wédʰh₂
2nd dual *? *? *? *? *?
3rd dual *? *? *? *? *?
1st plural *(Ø)-imósdʰh₂ *(Ø)-imédʰh₂ *(Ø)-éyomosdʰh₂ *(Ø)-yih₁médʰh₂
2nd plural *(Ø)-idʰh₂wé *(Ø)-idʰh₂wé *(Ø)-idʰh₂wé *(Ø)-éyedʰh₂we *(Ø)-yih₁dʰh₂wé
3rd plural *(Ø)-irór*(Ø)-yn̥tór *(Ø)-iró*(Ø)-yn̥tó *? *(Ø)-éyoror*(Ø)-éyontor *(Ø)-yih₁ró*(Ø)-yih₁n̥tó
Participle *(Ø)-ym̥h₁nós
Usage notes

This derivational suffix was affixed directly to roots in the zero grade, and appears to form athematic perfective and imperfective verbs, as well as thematic imperfectives.

Derived terms
References
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 411: “stem-forming element *-ey-/-i-”

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https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-i%C5%A5%D1%8C

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-iťь

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

(This etymology is missing or incomplete.)

Comparison with Baltic languages points to antiquity of denominal formations:

Suffix

*-iťь m

  1. Denominal, forming masculine attributables from masculine nouns or adjectives.
    *bogъ (god) → **božiťь (“Christmass”) > Serbo-Croatian BožićMacedonian Божиќ (Boži) (late formation)
    *dobrъ (good, kind) → **dobriťь (“good-hearted person”) > Bulgarian Добрич (Dobrič) (late formation)
  2. Denominal, forming masculine diminutives from masculine nouns.
    *kozьlъ (billy goat) → *kozьliťь (kid goat)
    *otrokъ (boy) → *otročiťь (child)
  3. Denominal, forming patronyms and metronyms.
    Slovene: Janež → Janežič
  4. Denominal, forming demonyms.
    Russian: Москва (Moskva) → Москвич (Moskvič)
    Slovene: Celovec → CelovčičPodgora → Podgorčič
    *dregy, *dregъve (swamp) → Russian Дреговичи (Dregoviči) (East Slavic tribe)
    *obъ Odrě (on Oder) → *obodriťь (Obotrites)
  5. Deadjectival, denoting a carrier of a property.
    *golъ (naked) → *goliťь (something naked)
    *bělъ (white) → *běliťь (something white)
  6. (by extension) Denoting a carrier of a property but with a diminutive meaning through a parallel word formation from deadjectival nouns and adjectives.
    *moldъ (young)*moldę, *moldęte (youngling) → *moldiťь (youngling)
Declension
Derived terms
Category Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-iťь not found
Descendants
  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: -ичь (-ičĭ)
      • Belarusian: -іч (-ič)
      • Russian: -ич (-ič)
      • Ukrainian: -ич (-yč)
    • Old Novgorodian: -иць (-icĭ)
  • South Slavic:
    • Old Church Slavonic:
      Glagolitic: -ⰹⱋⱐ (-ištĭ)
      Old Cyrillic: -ищь (-ištĭ)
    • Serbo-Croatian:
      Cyrillic: -ић
      Latin: -ić
    • Slovene: -ič
    • Macedonian: -иќ (-iḱ)
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: -ic
    • Kashubian: -ëc
    • Polish: -ic-yc
      •  Yiddish: ־יץ‎ (-its)
    • Slovak: -ic
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: -ic
      • Upper Sorbian: -ic
References
  • Šekli, Matej (2012) , “Besedotvorni pomeni samostalniških izpeljank v praslovanščini”, in Philological Studies[1] (in Slovene), volume 10, issue 1, Skopje, Perm, Ljubljana, Zagreb, pages 115–32

UWAGA!

Brakuje końcówek jak *-iťa, *-iťema, *-iťemъ, *-iťę̇, *-iťi, *-iťixъ, *-iťь, *-iťu!!!

Lithuanian vil̃kas (wolf) → vilkýtis (a small wolf) : Common Slavic *vьlkъ (wolf) → *vьlčiťь (a small wolf)

Widać oboczności, patrz: Wilk / WiLK, Wilcze / WiLC”e, Wilczę / WiLC”e”, Wilczek / WiLC”+eK, Wilczka / WiLC”+Ka, Wilczyca / WiLC”+yCa, Wilcy / WiLCy, Wilki / WiLKi, itp?! Zajmę się tym w oddzielnym wpisie…

Glagolitic: -ⰹⱋⱐ (-ištĭ), Old Cyrillic: -ищь (-ištĭ)

Widać wtórne zniekształcenie postaci tzw. OCS / SCS?!


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Proto-Slavic_words_suffixed_with_*-%D1%8Cta

Category:Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-ьta

Proto-Slavic words ending with the suffix *-ьta.

Pages in category „Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-ьta

This category contains only the following page.


UWAGA!

Brakuje końcówek jak *-ьtama, *-ьtami, *-ьtamъ, *-ьtasъ, *-ьtaxъ, *-ьtě, *-ьto, *-ьtojǫ, *-ьtǫ, *-ьtu, *-ьtъ, *-ьty!!!

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/m%D1%8C%C4%8D%D1%8Cta

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/čьta

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

From *mikati +‎ *-ьta, from Proto-Indo-European *meyk- (to twinkle, blink). Related to Latin micō.

Noun

*mьčьta f[1]

  1. dream
    Synonym: *sъnъ
Declension
Derived terms
Related terms
Descendants
Further reading
References
  1. Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*mьčьta”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 338: “f. ā ‘dream’”

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-%D1%8Cta&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Slavic/-ьta.

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https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Proto-Slavic_words_suffixed_with_*-%D1%8Ct%D1%8A

Category:Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-ьtъ

Proto-Slavic words ending with the suffix *-ьtъ.

Pages in category „Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-ьtъ

The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total.


UWAGA!

Brakuje końcówek jak *-ьte, *-ьtě, *-ьtěxъ, *-ьti, *-ьtoma, *-ьtomъ, *-ьtu, *-ьtъ, *-ьtъ, *-ьty!!!

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/m%D1%8C%C4%8D%D1%8Ct%D1%8A

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/čьtъ

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

From *mikati +‎ *-ьtъ.

Noun

*mьčьtъ m[1][2]

  1. visionapparition
Declension
Derived terms
Related terms
Descendants
Further reading
References
  1. Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*mьčьtъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 338: “m. o ‘vision, apparition’”
  2. Olander, Thomas (2001) , “mьčьtъ”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b/c drøm (PR 137)”

…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/xr%D1%8Cb%D1%8Ct%D1%8A

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/xbьtъ

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

Equivalent to the 0-grade of *xribъ (hill) +‎ *-ьtъ, likely from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreybʰ (to scrape, to tear). Akin to Lithuanian skriẽbti (to rub, to scrub)Proto-Germanic *hbaną (to scratch)Proto-Italic *skreiβō (to scribe).

ESSJa draws comparison with Proto-Slavic *skrebti (to scrape) (from Proto-Indo-European *skreb), suggesting that *xbьtъ and its cognates represent expressive enlargement („экспрессивное преобразование” in Trubachyev own words) of the former root.

Noun

*xrьbьtъ m[1]

  1. backspine
    Synonym: *gъrbъ
  2. ridge
    Synonyms: *xridъ*bьrdo
Alternative forms
Declension
Related terms
Descendants
References
  1. Olander, Thomas (2001) , “xrьbьtъ”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b ryg, rygrad (PR 134)”
Further reading

UWAGA!

Tym:

Equivalent to the 0-grade of *xribъ (hill) +‎ *-ьtъ, likely from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kreybʰ (to scrape, to tear). Akin to Lithuanian skriẽbti (to rub, to scrub)Proto-Germanic *hbaną (to scratch)Proto-Italic *skreiβō (to scribe).

ESSJa draws comparison with Proto-Slavic *skrebti (to scrape) (from Proto-Indo-European *skreb), suggesting that *xbьtъ and its cognates represent expressive enlargement („экспрессивное преобразование” in Trubachyev own words) of the former root.

… zajmę się w oddzielnym wpisie…


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-%D1%8Ct%D1%8A

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/tъ

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

Derived from *-tъ appended to i-stems *-ь and possibly yo-stems *-jь, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-tós. Reflects Latin *-(ē)tum in acētum (vinegar), borrowed as South Slavic *ocьtъ.

Suffix

*-ьtъ m

  1. From basic roots, forms onomatopoeic event nouns (in 0-grade)
    Synonyms: *-pъ*-kъ*-skъ*-otъ
    *skrьžьtъ (grinding of teeth, sorrow) ← *skrьžiti (to scratch, to gnash one’s teeth)
    *kčьtъ (clatter of teeth, screech) (along with *klekotъ) ← *klekati (to cry, to clatter)
  2. From nouns (or corresponding verbs), forms expressive synonyms of the original noun (in 0-grade)
    *xbьtъ (ditch, tooth) ← *xribъ (hill)
    *mьčьta (dream) ← *mikъ (tremble, vibration, shimmer)
Alternative forms
Related terms
Declension
Derived terms
References

UWAGA!

Tym Latin *-(ē)tum in acētum (vinegar), borrowed as South Slavic *ocьtъ.”, itp., zajmę się w oddzielnym wpisie…


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Category:Proto-Slavic_words_suffixed_with_*-yto

Category:Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-yto

Proto-Slavic words ending with the suffix *-yto.

Pages in category „Proto-Slavic words suffixed with *-yto

This category contains only the following page.


UWAGA!

Brakuje końcówek jak *-ỳta, *-ỳtě, *-ỳtě̄xъ, *-ỳto, *-ỳtoma, *-ỳto, *-ỳtomъ, *-ỳtu, *-ỳtъ, *-ỳtъ, *-ỳtȳ!!!

https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/koryto

Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/koryto

Proto-Slavic

Etymology

From Proto-Indo-European *(s)kor-, from *(s)ker- (to cut) +‎ *-yto, compare Lithuanian prãkartas (manger, trough)Old Prussian pracartis (trough), from the root *(s)kort an extension of *(s)kor-, and *kopyto with the same suffix.

Noun

*korỳto n[1][2]

  1. trough
Inflection
Related terms
Descendants
Further reading
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “коры́то”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
References
  1. Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*korỳto”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 237: “n. o (a) ‘trough’”
  2. Olander, Thomas (2001) , “koryto”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “a (SA 149; PR 132)”

UWAGA!

Słowem *koryto, itp., zajmę się w oddzielnym wpisie…


…..

https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/-yto&action=edit&redlink=1

Wiktionary does not yet have a reconstruction page for Proto-Slavic/-yto.

…..

cdn…

Jedna uwaga do wpisu “288 Końcówki Proto-Slavic *-eto, *-ěti, *-ětь, *-iti, *-ìtъ, *-iťь, *-ьta, *-ьtъ, *-yto, (i te brakujące), *-éh₁ti, *-éh₁ye-, *-éyti, *rešeto, rzeszoto, *tenetò, тенёто, *dьrtěti, *dьrtъ, *mьčьta, *mьčьtъ, *xrьbьtъ, *korỳto i inne problemy ofitzjalnego jęsykosnaftzfa

  1. Pingback: 289 Końcówki Proto-Slavic *-ka, *-kъ, *sь, *-cě, *-ci, *-ki (i te brakujące), *bajьka, *syrovatъka, *žuka, *žuti, *dьnьsь, *rěkà, *śis, *-ḱe, *-kos, *-ḱos, *-kasa, *-ćasa, *-kas, *-akah i inne problemy ofitzjalnego jęsykosnaftzfa |

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